1. The present simple (Thì bây giờ đơn): (Diễn tả hành vi sự việc xảy ra theo thói quen, liên tiếp xảy ra hoặc lặp đi lặp lại ở hiện tại tại).

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 The present simple is often used with the following words và phrases:

 - Adverbs: always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, never

 - Phrases: every Monday/ week/ etc. Each Monday/ week/ etc.

 once/ twice a week/ month/ etc. Three times a week/ month/ etc.

 Note: Remember that these adverbs usually go before the verb, but after the verb “To be”.

 Ex: I often play football with my friends.

 I am often late for my piano lessons.

2. The future simple (Thì sau này đơn): (Diễn tả hành động sự vấn đề sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai; sự tiên đoán; lời ý kiến đề nghị hay yêu cầu hoặc những đưa ra quyết định ở thời gian hiện tại).

 - Express facts about the future: The new airport will be the biggest in Europe.

 - Express predictions: You’ll have a great time in Ha Long Bay.

 - Express offers or requests: We’ll help you get ready for your holiday.

 - Express decisions made now: I know! I’ll go to trung quốc this summer.

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Unit 1MY HOBBIESPART 1: GRAMMAR REVIEW1.The present simple (Thì bây giờ đơn): (Diễn tả hành vi sự việc xảy ra theo thói quen, thường xuyên xảy ra hoặc lặp đi tái diễn ở hiện tại).The present simple is often used with the following words & phrases:- Adverbs: always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, never- Phrases: every Monday/ week/ etc.each Monday/ week/ etc.once/ twice a week/ month/ etc.three times a week/ month/ etc.Note: Remember that these adverbs usually go before the verb, but after the verb “To be”.Ex:I often play football with my friends.I am often late for my piano lessons.2.The future simple (Thì tương lai đơn): (Diễn tả hành vi sự vấn đề sẽ xẩy ra trong tương lai; sự tiên đoán; lời ý kiến đề xuất hay yêu ước hoặc những đưa ra quyết định ở thời gian hiện tại).- Express facts about the future:The new airport will be the biggest in Europe.- Express predictions:You’ll have a great time in Ha Long Bay.- Express offers or requests:We’ll help you get ready for your holiday.- Express decisions made now:I know! I’ll go to china this summer.3.Love/ like/ hate và enjoy:We can use the verbs “like”, “love”, “hate” and “enjoy” to explain our likes và dislikes:Ex:- I love chocolate.- He likes classical music.If we use a verb, it must be in the “-ing” form:Ex:- I love listening khổng lồ music.- I lượt thích walking in the park.PART 2: EXERCISESA.PHONETICSI.Find the word which has different sound in the underlined part.1.A. BirdB. GirlC. FirstD. Sister2.A. BurnB. SunC. HurtD. Turn3.A. NurseB. PictureC. SurfD. Return4.A. NeighborB. FavoriteC. CultureD. Tourist5.A. HobbyB. HourC. HotelD. HotII.Put the word into the correct column according the underlined part.camerabirdlearnfirstfinalculturenaturalheardsirgirlsignalbirthdayagainwordworldyesterdayneighborturnthirdassistant/ə//ɜː/B.VOCABULARY & GRAMMARI.Find which word does not belong to lớn each group.1.A. ReporterB. CollectorC. GardenerD. Newspaper2.A. StampB. AlbumC. CollectorD. Mountain3.A. SkatingB. ClimbingC. GardeningD. Horse-riding4.A. HateB. EnjoyC. LoveD. Like5.A. UnusualB. FavouriteC. PopularD. CommonII.Read the dialogue and fill the correct words in the blanks, use the words in the box.arefromenjoyclimbshowcollectingexpensiveaboutNick:Hi Mi, welcome lớn our house!Elena:Come upstairs! I’ll (1) you my room.Mi:Wow! You have so many dolls.Elena:Yes. My hobby is (2) dolls. Vày you have a hobby?Mi:I like collecting glass bottles.Elena:Really? That’s very unusual. Is it (3)?Mi:Not at all, I just keep the bottles after we use them. What (4) doll collecting? Is it expensive?Elena:I guess so, but all of my dolls (5) presents. My aunt và uncle always give me dolls on special occasions.Mi:Your dolls are all very different.Elena:Yes, they’re (6) all over the world!Nick:I don’t know why girls collect things. It’s a piece of cake.Mi:Do you have a difficult hobby, Nick?Nick:Yes, I (7) mountain climbing.Mi:But Nick, there are no mountains around here!Nick:I know. I’m in a mountain climbing club. We travel to lớn mountains around Viet Nam. In the future, I’ll (8) mountains in other countries too.III.Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.1. Mr. Porter is nice everyone.2. Kathy was absent class yesterday.3. Are you ready the test?4. I’m angry Greg.5. I’m mad Peter.6. Are you afraid dogs?7. Sometimes people aren’t kind animals.8. One inch is equal 2.54 centimeters.9. I’m thirsty a big glass of ice water.10. Joe has good manners. He’s always polite everyone.11. I"m not familiar that book. Whose is it?12. John’s thermos bottle is full coffee.IV.Choose the correct answer in each sentence.1. Are you interested for/ in photography.2. This is my best/ favourite book. It’s David Copperfield, by Dickens.3. I’ve decided to lớn make/ join the local swimming club.4. Kate usually passes/ spends most of her time reading.5. Tim has a very interesting fun/ hobby. He builds small boats.6. What vị you lượt thích doing in your empty/ spare time?7. Wendy is a member/ team of the drama club.8. Anna likes going to lớn the cinema/ cinema.V.Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.1. Sally và her family love (go) khổng lồ the park in the summer.2. Her mum likes (lie) on the blanket và loves (read) her favourite magazines.3. Anna’s family (like) the park because they love (be) outdoors.4. I enjoy (collect) dolls and it becomes my pleasure.5. We love (watch) new films, and we (go) to lớn watch a new Hollywood film next weekend.6. My brother hates (do) the same things day after day.7. Our uncle (play) badminton once a week.8. I (collect) a lot of stamps from foreign countries so far.9. In 2100, people (travel) in flying cars.10. I’m so hungry, Mum.- I (make) you some sandwiches.C.READINGI.Read the text and choose the correct answer.If you enjoy cycling for pleasure, doing it in London can be a shock. There are not enough lanes especially for bikes, và making your way through the traffic can be very risky. But if you have great passion, cycling in London can be exciting, & it is an inexpensive way of keeping fit if you live there. Some cyclists don’t mind spending a lot of money on expensive bikes. However, if you just want a basic xe đạp that is only for occasional use, there are many cheap choices. Several markets have cheap bikes on sale which may not be impressive to lớn look at but should be satisfactory. You should buy a cycling helmet if you want lớn cycle in London. Wearing a cycling helmet is not compulsory in Britain, but it is a good idea khổng lồ wear one for protection.1. What is the main idea of the passage?A. Cycling helmetsB. Cheap bicyclesC. Bicycle marketsD. Cycling in London2. According khổng lồ the passage, cycling in London isA. EasyB. DifficultC. TiringD. Boring3. The word “it” in line 3 refers toA. CyclingB. PassionC. ExcitementD. Doing exercise4. The difficulty of cycling in London is described in linesA. 2B. 5C. 5-6D. 8-95. According to lớn the passage, all the followings are true EXCEPT thatA. It is compulsory khổng lồ wear a helmet when cycling in Britain.B. Some bikes in London are cheap.C. There are not many lanes especially for bikes.D. Some cyclists don’t want to buy expensive bikes.II.Complete the text with the correct khung of the verbs in the list.like (2)livebetravelmakesingreadgowriteThis is my favourite singer. He (1) a famous rock star. He (2) in America. He (3) all around the world & (4) in rock concerts. He (5) his songs và (6) his own đoạn phim dips. In his không lấy phí time, he (7) staying at trang chủ listening khổng lồ his CDs. At weekends, he usually (8) lớn expensive restaurants with his friends. He also (9) a lot of books about strange things. I can’t wait to see him perform live. I (10) him so much.III.Choose the most suitable word for each space.What vì chưng you like doing best (1) your spare time? My cousin Paul likes going (2) in the country và (3) photos. Sometimes he (4) with his friends, và they (5) at the park or at the beach. They always (6) a good time. His brother Chris isn’t (7) on walking. He spends most of the (8) at home.1.A. ForB. WhenC. InD. At2.A. For walksB. WalksC. A walkD. To lớn walk3.A. MakingB. HavingC. TakingD. Doing4.A. TravelsB. Gets upC. SeesD. Goes out5.A. EnjoyB. Have funC. HobbyD. Go6.A. HaveB. MakeC. DoD. Like7.A. InterestedB. OutC. DecidedD. Keen8.A. OtherB. TimeC. PeopleD. MoneyD.WRITINGI.Use the words and phrases to write a passage.1. Stamp collection/ be/ interesting hobby.2. You/ can learn many things, such/ the geography/ a country/ stamps.3. Postal stamps/ be a source/ interesting facts/ important dates/ every country/ the world.4. It/ make stamp collecting/ become very popular.5. As you look at the pages/ a stamp album, you/ can learn interesting details/ foreign customs/ arts/ literature/ history/ culture.6. Their colors/ can make/ you feel relaxed/ happy.7. Collecting stamps/ can become/ a business.8. If you are lucky/ finding/ special stamp, it/ will bring/ you some money besides knowledge/ pleasure.II.Rewrite the sentences, using the given words.1. What is the price of this watch?ð How much?2. What is the price of these beautiful scarves?ð How much?3. Can you tell me the way khổng lồ Dong Nai Post office?ð Can you tell me?4. Can you tell me the way to the station?ð Can you tell me?5. They are fast typists.ð They6. Peter is a hard worker.ð Peter7. There are no bottles on the shelf.ð There aren’t8. We have no time to prepare the speech.ð We don’t haveIII.Choose the sentence that has the same meaning as the first.1. If you are not careful, you will cut yourself with that knife.A. Unless you are careful, you will cut yourself with that knife.B. If you are careful, you will cut yourself with that knife.C. Unless you are not careful, you will cut yourself with that knife.D. Unless you were careful, you will cut yourself with that knife.2. Because he doesn’t leave immediately, I hotline a policeman.A. Unless he leaves immediately, I won’t hotline a policeman.B. If he leaves immediately, I won’t gọi a policeman.C. Unless he leaves immediately, I will call a policeman.D. If he left immediately, I wouldn’t điện thoại tư vấn a policeman.3. Today isn’t Sunday, so the pupils can’t go swimming.A. If today is Sunday, the pupils could go swimming.B. If today were Sunday, the pupils could go swimming.C. The pupils could go swimming unless today is Sunday.D. The pupils could not go swimming if today isn’t Sunday.4. Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson.A. If you don’t stop talking, you won’t understand the lesson.B. If you don’t stop talking, you wouldn’t understand the lesson.C. If you hadn’t stopped talking, you wouldn’t understand the lesson.D. If you hadn’t stopped talking, you wouldn’t have understood the lesson.5. If the homework is difficult, I will ask you for help.A. Unless the homework is easy, I won’t ask you for help.B. Unless the homework is difficult, I will ask you for help.C. Unless the homework is easy, I will ask you for help.D. Unless the homework isn’t difficult, I won’t ask you for help.6. I’ll let you borrow the book but you must promise to return it next week.A. If you promise khổng lồ return the book, I let you borrow it.B. If you promised to lớn return the book, I’ll let you borrow it.C. If you promise khổng lồ return the book next week, I’ll let you borrow it.D. If you promise lớn return the book next week, I won’t let you borrow it.PART 3: kiểm tra yourself I.Find the word which has a different sound in the underlined part.1.A. PreferB. BetterC. TeacherD. Worker2.A. BearB. HearC. DearD. Near3.A. CollectB. ConcernC. ConcertD. Combine4.A. AbsentB. GovernmentC. DependentD. Enjoy5.A. FutureB. ReturnC. PictureD. CultureII.Complete by changing the form of the word in capitals.1. Running after that thief was very of you!COURAGE2. You looked so when you fell asleep on the sofa.PEACE3. All four of my grandparents are still .LIVE4. Did you vote in the last ?ELECT5. It can be very difficult for when they leave prisonand go back into the community.PRISON6. At the kết thúc of the film, you hear a single & thenA1 Pacino falls to the ground.SHOOT7. It’s ! I’ve lost my glasses again!BELIEVE8. I think were all in that something must be doneabout the problem.AGREE9. Should I write “British” or “English” as my ?NATION10. We’ll only have real when women earn as muchmoney as men.EQUALIII.Choose the correct answers A, B, C or D.1.Nowadays people hours sitting in front of computers.A. SpendB. LastC. SetD. Take2.I think you should take up swimming it is suitable for your health condition.A. SoB. BecauseC. AlthoughD. But3.My family enjoys because we can sell vegetables and flowers money.A. Garden - toB. Gardening - forC. Gardening - withD. Garden - of4.If your hobby is greeting card making, you can give your to your friends as presents.A. HobbyB. MoneyC. GreetingsD. Products5.My sister’s hobby is sewing, & she can get the sewing patterns from the magazines.A. FashionB. CookingC. SportsD. Science6.My brother doesn’t lượt thích ice-skating because he thinks it is .A. DangerB. In dangerC. DangerousD. Endangered7.My sister is very keen on swimming, & she goes swimming three a week. A. TimeB. A timeC. TimesD. Timings8.We often read the instructions carefully in order khổng lồ make of the things we like best.A. MeaningsB. ModelsC. CopiesD. Uses9.You need to be to follow eggshell carving because it may take two weeks khổng lồ complete one shell.A. CarefulB. InterestingC. FitD. Patient10.If you choose sewing as your hobby, you will your own clothes.A. DoB. MakeC. TakeD. Get11.There are many why it is important khổng lồ have a hobby.A. AnswersB. ReasonsC. DetailsD. Facts12.Will you making models in the future?A. Pick upB. Look forC. Take upD. Find13.Do you think that hobby is & boring?A. EasyB. DifficultC. DangerD. Interesting14.I love my sister’s paintings because she is very in using colors.A. CarelessB. CareC. CreativeD. Imagine15.A hobby helps you to connect with people.A. OtherB. OthersC. AnotherD. The other16.I join a photography club, and all members love .A. TakeB. TakingC. MakeD. Making17.What does your father vì chưng his free time?A. InB. AtC. OnD. While18.I think a hobby will always give you & help you . A. Pleased - relaxB. Pleasure - relaxedC. Pleased - relaxingD. Pleasure - relax19.You can mô tả your stamps other collectors.A. With - atB. Khổng lồ - atC. With - inD. To lớn - in20.I think this hobby does not cost you much, and you need is time.A. MostB. All ofC. SomeD. AllIV.Circle the correct preposition to complete the sentence.1. Don’t blame the theft on/ for Tim. He didn’t steal anything.2. I’ll nội dung the sandwiches to/ with you, if you like.3. They accused Tony of/ for telling lies, but he was telling the truth.4. Are you still angry with/ about me?5. I’d completely forgotten for/ about the party. I’m not ready!6. Trudy is such a lovely baby. She always smiles at/ lớn you when you sing to her.V.Complete the text with the verbs in the box.startfinishhavegoworkliveswalksgoesneedsgetswatchesplaysopensgetpracticearrivePeter doesn’t have a very normal routine. He (0) works in a night club, where he (1) the piano in a jazz band. The club (2) at 11.00 at night, but the members of the band usually (3) there at 9.00 và they (4) for a couple of hours. The first customers (5) at about 11.15 và the show (6) at midnight. It (7) at 5.00 in the morning. Then Leo and his friends (8) something khổng lồ eat, before they (9) home. Leo (10) quite close lớn the club, so he (11) home. He (12) to bed at 8.00, but he only (13) about four hours of sleep, so he (14) up at midday. In the afternoon he (15) TV or he goes out.VI.Put the verb in the parentheses into correct tenses.1. The sun always (rise) in the east.2. In my country, it (not, rain) much in winter.3. The moon (move) around the earth.4. Mai (be) very happy because she has 3 good marks today.5. I lượt thích (play) tennis.6. My brother (enjoy) playing football. He usually (play) football every afternoon.7. My brothers (be, not) engineers.8. Well, he is 40 years old, bald with a moustache. He (have) large ears và he (wear) glasses.9. They (have, not) any money.10. Hoa (visit) her parents once a year.VII.Complete the sentences with the words in the box.legalimmigrationearlyimmigrants keepcommunitypreferFar Eastpercentmajorityintegrateemploycultureincreasebillionpopulation0.You mustn’t park there. It’s illegal.1.In the nineteenth và twentieth centuries the of to australia were from Britain. Many of todays newcomers, however, are from the .2.Next year the factory will a lot more people. The numbers of jobs will by over sixty .3.I lượt thích that new car but I to lớn my old one.4. Has always been important in the United States.5.It isn’t always easy for minorities khổng lồ into the local if they are from a different.6.By the year 2050 the of the world will be ten .VIII.Read the text below & choose the best answer for each question after the text.Many people like to keep pets. Dogs and cats are very popular pets. Some people, however, keep birds or goldfish. They need less space & are easier khổng lồ look after.If you want lớn have a pet, you can buy one from a pet siêu thị but you must be careful not to lớn buy a sick animal. It Is best if you know something about the pet you want. This helps you choose a healthy pet. However, if you vì chưng not have much money and know very little about animals, you can visit the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA).The first society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded in England in 1821. It was set up to make sure that all animals are treated with kindness. The RSPCA in Hong Kong carries out this aim. The RSPCA officers collect animals which have no homes và are left in the street. They look after them until they are healthy again. People visiting the RSPCA may choose their pets from these animals and you can be sure that you will get a healthy pet. If later your pet becomes ill, you can take it to the doctors at the RSPCA for treatment.When you have a pet, it is very important that you look after it properly. You must remember lớn feed it at suitable times. You should also give it a clean & comfortable place to rest. Your pet will be happy and healthy if you love it và care for it properly.1.According to the passage, what kind of pet needs more space?A. A dogB. A birdC. A goldfishD. A mouse2.What can help you choose a healthy pet?A. Being careful with your moneyC. Having a lot of moneyB. Learning about a pet you wantD. Visiting many pet shops3.The first society for the Prevention of Cruelty lớn Animals was founded .A. In 1924C. In EnglandB. More than 1000 years agoD. In 18424.What does the RSPCA vì with sick and homeless animals?A. Leave them in the streetsB. Make them healthy againC. Give them to lớn people who cure sick petsD. Sell them lớn pet shops5.You can always be sure that every pet from the RSPCA .A. Will never get sickC. Is strong and healthyB. Is collected from a dustbinD. Always needs too much careIX.Choose the correct answer A, B, C. Or D lớn fill each blank in the following passage.I have a very interesting và (1) hobby. I make short đoạn clip clips with my digital camera. It was my birthday present from my parents last year. Since then, I have (2) three short films. It’s great fun! I started asking my friends and relatives khổng lồ take (3) in the films. I have tried to lớn write the story for my video clip clips. When I have finished the script, I make copies for the “actors”. Each scene is small & they can look at the words just (4) we start filming. We film at the weekend in my neighborhood, (5) no one has lớn travel far. When the video đoạn clip is finished, I invite all the “actors” & we watch the film at my house.1.A. EnjoyableB. EnjoyedC. EnjoyingD. Enjoy2.A. DoneB. MadeC. PlayedD. Watched3.A. SceneB. RoleC. PartD. Film4.A. UntilB. AfterC. OnlyD. Before5.A. SoB. BecauseC. ButD. AlthoughX.Look at these underlined words in the text. They all have spelling mistakes. Write them correctly.1.This is a photo of my freind, Stephanie.2.She’s 18 và she’s French. She lives in a village near Toulouse. She studys engineering at university.3.She has short black hair and very dark eyes. She is inteligent và funny, but sometimes she’s a bit sad too.4.She loves music & she likes writting songs. She can play the guitar very well and she has a beautifull voice.5.I lượt thích her because she’s allways there when I need her.
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